Differences Between Normal and “Gunsmith” Screwdrivers
The screw on this firearm was damaged by a kitchen table gunsmith using a normal tool box flat-head screwdriver on a firearm. I am a kitchen table gunsmith myself, and before I learned about using hollow ground screwdrivers on my firearms I buggered up plenty of firearms.
You see a normal screwdriver is taper ground – the manufacturer took a shaft of steel, and then smashed the end into a wedge. As you can see from the picture, this tapered shaft on the left does not fully engage with the entire screw slot.
This means that the torque from tightening the screw is unevenly applied. This can damage the screw threads, and is the mark of an inexperience and/or uneducated gun smith.
In comparison, the screw driver in the right side of the picture is hollow ground and the screwdriver shaft is ground down in a concave shape to allow the entire screw thread to be filled. This transmits the torque to be transmitted evenly, protecting the screw. A side benefit of a hollow ground screwdriver is that the head is the same diameter of the shaft, so it fits down inside of tubes easier. If you have ever had the wide head of a tapered screwdriver keep you from unscrewing the back of a piece of electronics you will know what I am talking about.
Proper tools don’t cost a whole lot more than improper tools (with the case of hollow ground drivers, they cost the same or less) but make your work easier and contribute to a professional repair. I bought my set of screwdriver bits for under $20 online and now I don’t damage anymore gun screws.